Born in February 1971 in France (Burgundy region), he’s graduated in Political sciences and International affairs from Paris Political Sciences Institute (IEP, 1989-1993). He served as a civil servant within the French Ministry of Defence from 1994 to 2002, with numerous postings in the Balkans (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo) and as adviser to the head of French External Intelligence Directorate (DGSE) from 2000 to 2002. After an assignment in Geneva to the French Representation to the United Nations (2002-2005), he joined the cabinet of the French Minister for Foreign affairs as a personal adviser for South-Eastern Europe and Afghanistan (2005-2007). Elected to the European Parliament in June 2009, he is member of the Foreign affairs Committee and chairman of the Subcommittee on “security and defence”. He is also, since 2010, an elected member of the Regional Assembly of Burgundy. He is also amember of the French centre-right party, Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP), where he is in charge of the European Defence policy. He is awarded of the French “Ordre National du Mérite” (national order of merit) in 2000.
Arnaud Danjean’s 10 from 10
- Europeans must take more responsibility for their own security: In a context characterised by severe and lasting fiscal constraints, a US leadership affected by multipolarity and budget constraints and the rise of multiple threats in EU’s close neighbourhood, a strong Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is needed.
- Reliance on NATO does not cover the whole range of threats to the Europeans, geographically (Sahel, Horn of Africa, Caucasus…) and in substance (migrations, failed states, regional conflicts…). There is space and need for a complementary defence policy beyond the collective defence and some heavy overseas operations assured by NATO.
- CSDP is part of a (still largely virtual though) comprehensive approach, as EU is able to mobilize a wide range of instruments to deal with all different phases of a crisis. This gives EU a huge potential to become a global player.
- CSDP is in itself quite comprehensive, as it theoretically covers both civilian and military dimensions. From rule of law mission to military action, through police formation and cease-fire monitoring operations, CSDP is a flexible asset which fits with many complex challenges.
- EU Member-States must overcome their reluctance and lack of political will to consider the military option, including in its combat dimension, when dealing with a crisis and a threat to international stability. The inability to present EU/CSDP options in Libyan, Malian and now Central African crisis are missed opportunities showing how EU member states remain “shy” when it comes to considering military action.
- The Lisbon Treaty provisions sets new tools for the CSDP such as the battle groups, the solidarity clause, the mutual defence clause, or the permanent structured cooperation. These provisions are still not operationalized. Those instruments need to be made available to serve the purposes they are designed for.
- Relevance and efficiency should prevail when planning a CSDP civilian mission or military operation. Several missions take months to be launched and miss the height of battle. Once launched, several operations lack the necessary personnel and equipment. Finally, certain missions are maintained although they are outdated and no longer correspond to the stakes on the field. We need relevant missions, no alibi missions.
- The CSDP must play an active role in promoting Member States’ cooperation in the field of defence and security capabilities. It is a field where pragmatic progresses can be made, and yet, the last December Council only endorsed the development of cooperation in a limited number of domains: drones, air-to-air refuelling capacity, and satellite communication. It is a start, but the EU must go further, especially in these times of financial constraints.
- The CSDP must also participate to strengthening Europe’s defence industry by promoting the development of a strong and competitive EDTIB. In a time where European companies rebalance their military activities to the benefit of the civilian ones, it becomes urgent to take measures to protect our autonomy – that is our ability to produce our own defence systems, technologies and capabilities.
- CSDP needs priorities, if not a real doctrine as such.